Italian Prime Minister Giuseppe Conte has given mayors powers to shut public squares from 9 pm to halt gatherings as part of further measures to try to stop a sharp rise in COVID-19 cases.
As daily cases in Italy hit a record 11,705 on Sunday, Conte said the situation had become critical but his government was determined to avoid a repeat of the lockdown imposed at the start of the crisis in March.
"The situation is critical. The government is there but everyone must do their part," he told reporters.
As well as ordering betting shops closed from 9 pm and halting amateur sporting competitions and local fairs, he said government would consider closing gyms and swimming pools after re-checking security protocols.
Italy was the first country in Europe hit hard by COVID-19 and has the second-highest death toll in the region after Britain, with 36,543 fatalities since the outbreak flared in February.
Authorities had managed to get contagion largely under control by the summer thanks to a rigid two-month nationwide lockdown.
However as a second wave has emerged they have ordered new measures, including mandatory mask wearing in public and restrictions on public gatherings and restaurants.
COVID-related deaths on Sunday increased to 69, up from 47 the day before, the ministry said - far fewer than at the height of the pandemic in Italy in March and April, when daily fatalities peaked at more than 900.
The government will increase smart working in the public administration and is asking high schools to adopt staggered timetables to avoid congestion on public transport.
Restaurants and other food shops will be allowed to remain open until midnight but will be able to serve only seated customers after 6 pm.
Stricter measures have been already imposed in some of the hardest-hit regions, including Campania around Naples, which has closed schools for two weeks.
As a part of a new 40 billion euros ($A66 billion) stimulus package the government approved in its 2021 budget, Rome will set up a 4 billion euro fund to compensate companies worst hit by restrictions.
Australian Associated Press